Parks of national significance are characterised by attractive landscapes, rich biodiversity and valuable cultural assets. Swiss parks are model regions showcasing sustainable developmentin which ecological, social and economic interests are accorded equal standing and support. Under the auspices of Swiss Park Research, the Forum Landscape, Alps, Parks promotes research into park-related issues.
Today, Switzerland has 20 parks or park projects of national importance. These are divided into three categories:
National Parks / Swiss National Park
- Strict protection, hardly any human intervention
- Objectives: Ensure free development of nature, education and awareness, research.
Regional nature parks
- Rural areas with high natural values
- Objectives: Preservation and enhancement of the cultural and natural landscape, promotion of a sustainable economy in the region, education and awareness.
Nature discovery parks
- Undisturbed habitats near cities/agglomerations
- Objectives core zone: ensure free development of nature, education and awareness.
- Objectives of the surrounding zone: to offer nature experiences, education and awareness-raising.
Two Regional Nature Parks are also UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. The UNESCO World Heritage Sites Sardona, Swiss Alps Jungfrau-Aletsch and Monte San Giorgio are also included.